Garden Better: Rose Guide

Rose Guide

Welcome to the Rose Guide

The rose has been one of mankind's favorite flowers since prehistoric times. The word "rose" comes from the Latin word "rosa". Some people propose the Latin word "rosa" is an Etruscan (an extinct language spoken in the ancient Eturia) form of the Greek word "Rhoida", meaning "originating from Rhodes".

The beautiful white or red roses we are accustomed to seeing at the local flower store actually belong to a much larger family, called the Rosaceae family. As a quick introduction to taxonomy, a family is lower than an order and higher than a genus. For example, lions, tigers, cheetahs, and house cats all belong to the same biological family of Felidae. The order of these animals is Carnivores, which includes dogs, cats, bears, weasels, and many predatory, flesh eating mammals. The Rose family is part of the Rosales order. According to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, this order consists of nine families which were found to be related by genetic analysis. For example, the Cannabaceae family (famous for hemp, hackberries, and hops) is together with the rose family in the same order, based on their scientific analysis. It should be noted that not all botanists follow the same classification scheme; many still use the Cronquist system, which groups the rose family together with twenty-three other families in the Rosales order.

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