Garden Better: Rose Guide

types of flowers

Tulips, roses, carnations, marigolds, forget-me-nots, snapdragons, blue bells, sunflowers… While we commonly think of only a few dozen types of flowers that we typically recognize, order or grow, there are actually thousands of different types of flowers! Each type of flower species may have dozens of varieties, and gardeners are continually growing new and unique types of flowers.

There are as many ways to categorize flowers as there are types of flowers! One way to talk about types of flowers is in terms of the makeup of flowers, or flower parts. If a flower has a stamen, pistils, petals, and sepals, it is called a complete flower. If one of these parts is missing, the flower type is designated incomplete. If a flower contains functional stamens and pistils, it is called a perfect flower. (Stamen and pistils are considered the essential parts of a flower.) If either of the essential parts is lacking, this type of flower is imperfect.

Types of flowers are also distinguished by how they are pollinated. Many flowers in nature have evolved to attract animals to pollinate the flower, contributing to the opportunity for genetic recombinations within a plant population. Types of flowers that are insect-pollinated are called entomophilous (meaning "insect-loving"). The flowers of other species are pollinated by the wind (grass for example) and are referred to as anemophilous. Wind-pollinated types of flowers have no need to attract pollinators and therefore tend not to be 'showy'.

Flowers and plants can also be distinguished by sex. Plants types bearing only male flowers are called staminate plants; plants types bearing only female flowers are pistillate plants. Types of plant species in which the sexes are separated into staminate and pistillate plants are called dioecious. Most holly trees and pistachio trees, for example, are dioecious; therefore, to obtain berries, it is necessary to have female and male trees. Monoecious plants are types of plants that have separate male and female flowers on the same plant. Still other types of plants bear only male flowers at the beginning of the growing season, but later develop flowers of both sexes.

There are types of flowers for every season, the whole year through! Look for winter, fall, summer and spring flowers that blossom during specific seasons. Or, you can classify types of flowers by how often they grow: Annual types of flowers complete their life cycle within one year and usually bloom throughout the growing season. Perennial types of flowers have a life span of more than one year and usually bloom during a specific time period every year during the growing season. Bulbs are a great example of perennial types of flowers. Bulbs are colorful and an easy-to-grow option for any gardener! Some of the popular types of bulbs are: Peacock Flower; Iris; Day Lily; Tulip; Windflower; Daffodil; and Crocus.

Roses are the flower type that tops the favorite list of many florists, gardeners and flower lovers. Roses come in an assortment of colors: red, yellow, white, deep pink and light pink. There are also many types of rose bushes, such as Hybrid tea rose bushes, Polyanthas rose bushes, Floribunda rose bushes, and Grandifloras rose bushes.

Lilacs or Genus Syringa, are one of the most aromatic types of flowering plants that can beautify your garden. There are over 1000 varieties of lilacs, with the most popular type being the purple lilac. Ranging in size from 8 feet to a whopping 30-feet, other popular lilac types include Syringa Meyeri, Manchurian Lilac, and Sylvan Beauty.

Varieties of orchid flowers also abound. Here is the 'lowdown' on select types of orchids: Catlaya - Larger than most orchids, usually white with shades of pink or lavender in the center of each petal; Cymbidium - Smaller than Japhet orchids with a curly edge only at the center; Dendrobium - Miniature orchids that come in sprays; Japhet - Large orchids with yellow throats and a curly edge; Phalaenopsis - Round-edged orchids that are white with reddish throats; Spray Orchids - Very expensive and available in the winter, these types of orchids have long spikes covered with tiny orchid-like flowers.

In terms of lilies, look for these types of flowers: Calla, Day Lilies, Lily of the Valley, Rubrim, Zephyr Lily and Alstroemeria Lilies (miniature lilies that come in a variety of colors).

From A to Z, there is no shortage of types of flowers to choose from! To learn more about flowers and types of flowers, visit the library or go online for complete listings of the different flower types, including photographs, descriptions, special care tips and other interesting facts about all types of flower and plant varieties.

Planning a special event? Looking for a meaningful gift? Need a symbolic emblem? Look no further than your nose, and sniff out flowers as the perfect means to decorate, express sentiments, and add significance and beauty to every occasion. There are heaps of flowers to select from, with flower types to suit every need and every style! Here is but a budding list of the many uses and types of flowers to choose from today: wedding flowers, valentine flowers, birthday flowers, funeral flowers, exotic flowers, tropical flowers, wild flowers, expensive flowers, cheap flowers, wholesale flowers, flower bouquets, flower corsages, flower boutonnieres, flower wreaths, flower garlands, state flowers, flowers of the month, artificial flowers, fresh cut flowers, dried flowers, aromatic flowers, morning flowers, origami flowers, Hawaiian flowers, Easter flowers, holiday flowers, all-season flowers, passion flowers, and many, many more.

While the market is always ripe for fresh, cut types of flowers, dried flowers and artificial flowers are other types of plants used to decorate homes, ballrooms, and even gardens. "True drieds" are types of dried flowers where real flowers have been air-dried and are very delicate. "Preserved drieds" are types of dried flowers where real flowers have been preserved with glycerine. These dry flowers are a bit hardier than true drieds, and do not crumble or shatter as easily. As for artificial types of flowers, popular picks are silk flowers. Silk flowers aren't actually made from silk, but from polyester. They hold their shapes well, and come in a variety of qualities, from inexpensive stems in plain solids to more realistic blooms with shading and veining. A specific type of silk flower is a dried-silk flower, which has a crinkled look to it with curled edges that simulate the effect of true drieds. Hand-wrapped flowers are silk or parchment flowers that have been assembled by hand and their stems wrapped with tape. These types of flowers tend to be higher in quality and appear more realistic, although they are also more difficult to cut due to the amount of wire used in the leaves and stem. Latex flowers are parchment or silk flowers that have been dipped in latex. These types of flowers look very realistic and add richness and elegance to any flower arrangement. Additionally, bushes are types of silk flowers that have been assembled to look like flowering plants or greenery, with multiple stems clustered together. Some bushes are made from several varieties of flowers or plants, creating combinations that are already coordinated to work together.

Finally, you can also craft different types of flowers by yourself! The basic materials you need in order to make a whole myriad of flower types are scissors, glue, colored paper or tissue paper, and wire for flower stems and to secure petals. The only limit to the range of possible handmade types of flowers is your imagination! Try making pleated flowers; party flowers; tissue paper flowers; cabbage rose flowers, and many more. These economical and easy-to-make types of flowers are sure to brighten up any room with their variety of designs and creative touch!

If you've ever wondered what a Gerbera looks like, when to best plant your annuals and perennials, or how to care for the African violet you received, it is time to do some research and dig up some dirt on the many, many types of beautiful flowers you can choose from. Whether you take time to tiptoe through the tulips, watch the daisies grow, run with wildflowers, bask in the glory of morning flowers or relax in the paradise of tropical blooms, the dazzling, aromatic, and endless array of different types of flowers is sure to keep you rejuvenated and smelling like a rose for seasons to come.

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